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Planets to align for first time in centuries in ‘Christmas star’ effect

Photo dated 15/11/09 issued by the International Dark Sky Association of the night sky above Galloway Forest park. Stargazers could spot a bright light in the sky days before Christmas, similar to that which is said to have led the three wise men to the nativity scene, according to an astronomer.

By Aine Fox, PA

Stargazers could spot a bright light in the sky days before Christmas, similar to that which is said to have led the three wise men to the nativity scene, according to an astronomer.

Saturn and Jupiter will come the closest they have done in hundreds of years, creating what the researcher described as a “spectacular event in the sky” on Monday – which also happens to be the winter solstice.

While conjunctions – where objects appear very close to each other in the sky – are not rare, this will be an “exceptionally close” one – the closest since 1623, Professor Michael Burton said.

The two biggest planets in the solar system will be just 0.1 degrees apart, one-fifth the diameter of the full moon, and appear together as the brightest object in the sky, the director of the longest-running astronomical observatory in the British Isles said.

Prof Burton said: “When that happened it was in the daytime skies so people would not have seen it because it would have been too light.

“The last one which actually would have been well placed to be seen was 1226, so we’re going back 800 years to the last one which would have been up in the dark sky to be seen.”

The astronomer, of Armagh Planetarium and Observatory in Northern Ireland, said a conjunction is one possibility for what has become known as the Christmas Star from the story of Jesus’ birth.

He said: “Certainly one of the possibilities might have been two of the planets coming together.

“The whole question of what might the Christmas star have been is a very interesting question in its own right.

“Whether it was a conjunction, whether it was a comet, whether it was a supernova. No-one actually knows what it was.”

He said the brightness in the sky expected on December 21 is “one possibility for what was seen back 2,000 years ago.”

The advice to keen stargazers is to look to the south west as soon as possible after sunset, with the best time between 4.30pm and 6pm, and while a telescope or binoculars will help, the phenomenon will be visible to the naked eye – weather permitting.

“We have to cross our fingers that there will be clear skies,” said Prof Burton.

The Royal Astronomical Society advised people to find a line of sight without tall buildings or trees blocking the view.

It said: “With the eye, the pair (of planets) will appear as two bright points of light. Binoculars will show those points as slightly larger dots: viewers may also be able to make out the four largest moons of Jupiter, and possibly Saturn’s largest moon Titan.

“With a small telescope the two planets will be in the same field of view, an exceptionally rare event, and the cloud belts on Jupiter and the rings of Saturn should be obvious.”

The Met Office has forecast rain for Monday, and said the chance of clear skies is greater in the northern half of the UK.

Even if there is bad weather, the Royal Astronomical Society said all is not lost as “the two planets only appear to move apart very slowly, and will still appear unusually close together on the days that follow”.

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