Clock ticking on Brexit deadline, warns EU negotiator Michel Barnier
The EU's chief Brexit negotiator has slapped down Boris Johnson over his claim that Brussels could "go whistle" if it expected large sums from Britain as part of the withdrawal agreement.
Asked about the Foreign Secretary's comment, Michel Barnier pointedly referred to the tight deadline to reach a trade agreement ahead of the March 2019 date for Brexit, telling a Brussels press conference: "I'm not hearing any whistling, just the clock ticking."
Mr Barnier said Britain must offer more clarity on its position on the "divorce bill" financial settlement with the EU - as well as the status of expat citizens and the nature of the future border with the Republic of Ireland - if it is to make progress towards a deal on trade arrangements after Brexit.
His comments came as credit ratings agency Moody's warned that the UK's creditworthiness was "under pressure" due to uncertainty over the result of Brexit negotiations and that Britain would face "materially weaker" growth if it failed to secure a good deal on trade.
Speaking after briefing European Commissioners in Brussels, Mr Barnier said the first round of negotiations with Brexit Secretary David Davis last month had been useful, but warned: "The hard work starts now."
With the second round of talks opening on Monday in Brussels, Mr Barnier said the UK needs to engage substantially on issues of citizens' rights, the financial settlement and borders, as well as future membership of Euratom and the treatment of goods placed on the market before Brexit.
"The EU positions are clear," said Mr Barnier.
"We now need to know the UK's position on each of these issues in order to make progress. We need to know on which points we agree and which points we disagree so that we can negotiate in earnest.”
"My aim is to make good progress next week and at our next session in August on all issues. We cannot remain idle as the clock is ticking."
The UK must accept that it has financial obligations relating to previous commitments to pay into EU budgets, Mr Barnier said.
No figure has yet been put on the payment, but European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker suggested it could come in at around 60 billion euro (£53 billion), while unconfirmed reports have put it as high as 100 billion euro (£89bn).
"On the financial settlement, it is essential that the UK recognises the existence of financial obligations, which are simply the result of the period during which they were members of the EU, in particular in the current multi-annual financial framework," said Mr Barnier.
"Then we will be able to work on the methodology and agreeing the first phase of the negotiations."
Mr Barnier said the offer made by Prime Minister Theresa May on EU citizens living in the UK after Brexit "doesn't enable those persons concerned to continue to live their lives as they do today".
Mrs May's package would not deliver reciprocal rights to those enjoyed by British expats in the other 27 EU nations on issues including the ability to keep families together, he said.
And he said Britain's refusal to accept the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice "creates uncertainty".
He added: "On subjects of such importance, it is essential to make sure that we and our partners are on the same political line before we seek technical solutions."
And he said the three key priorities areas were indivisible, with progress on all needed in order to move on to trade talks in the autumn.
Mr Barnier said that he will meet Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and Welsh First Minister Carwyn Jones, as well as Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, in Brussels on Thursday to discuss the progress of Brexit talks.
But he stressed that he will only negotiate with the UK Government.
Mr Barnier said it was a matter of "trust" for the UK to honour its financial commitments to EU programmes.
"People have used words like ransom, Mr Farage in the Parliament talked of ransom. It's not an exit bill. It is not a punishment. It is not a revenge. At no time has it been those things.”
"It is simply settling accounts. The way you do it. And it's not easy and it might be expensive.”
"But any separation involves settling accounts. No more, no less. We are not asking the UK for a single euro or a single pound more than they have legally undertaken to provide."
Mr Barnier made it clear there would be no grounds to discuss anything else unless the UK accepted in principle that it had financial obligations.
Asked whether he thought EU insistence that the ECJ oversees a citizens' rights deal could force the UK to quit the negotiations, Mr Barnier said: "Quite frankly, it is not really in my nature, or in my philosophy, to try and push our partners across the table to the edge, particularly not on this specific topic of citizens' rights.”
"I don't want to push anybody over the edge, but we have to find clear, sustainable solutions.”
"I'm not talking for the ECJ for people arriving in the UK after Brexit, I'm talking about acquired and accumulated rights that have been acquired over previous years up until Brexit day. And there I think it is legitimate to offer guarantees of those rights on both sides within a European framework, which would be most favourable to those citizens."